Explore the science behind our work.

In our background science briefings you’ll find information about specific chemicals or lifestyle factors that have been linked to breast cancer, why they have been linked to the disease, and links to the original research papers which support these claims.

Diet

January 2020|Size: 5.13 MB |

There is no ideal diet that will prevent breast cancer. However, a high consumption of fruit and vegetables, sufficient dietary calcium and low alcohol consumption can reduce risk.
  • Background Briefings

Aluminium Salts as Antiperspirants

September 2019|Size: 1.03 MB |

The use of aluminium salts in antiperspirants has caused debate amongst scientists. Some say their use may increase breast cancer risk; others say there’s insufficient evidence to prove any link.
  • Background Briefings

Breast Cancer Risk Factors

June 2019|Size: 7.12 MB |

A breast cancer risk factor is anything that might cause you to be more likely to develop the disease. The brief discusses known and suspected breast cancer risk factors.
  • Background Briefings

Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs)

September 2018|Size: 1.06 MB |

EDCs are chemicals that interfere with hormone function. They are mostly synthetic, found in many products, and widespread in the environment. Some mimic oestrogen and increase breast cancer risk.
  • Background Briefings

Parabens

May 2018|Size: 1.13 MB |

Parabens are preservatives found in cosmetics, personal care products, and processed foods. They are widespread in the environment. They act as weak oestrogen mimics and may affect breast cancer risk.
  • Background Briefings

Top Five Tips

November 2017|Size: 1.97 MB |

At least a quarter of breast cancer cases may be preventable. Here are our top tips to help everyone reduce their risk of breast cancer and improve their general health.
  • Background Briefings

Flame Retardants

July 2017|Size: 2.63 MB |

Certain types of flame retardant, which are used to prevent fires, can cause cancer or endocrine disruption. This brief discusses flame retardants that may affect breast cancer risk.
  • Background Briefings

Air pollution

April 2017|Size: 2.51 MB |

Air pollution is thought to contribute to over 40, 000 deaths in the UK annually. It has been linked to a range of illnesses and may increase breast cancer risk.
  • Background Briefings

Male Breast Cancer

March 2017|Size: 1.92 MB |

Each year around 370 men in the UK get breast cancer. Male breast cancer is uncommon as men have less breast tissue and lower lifetime exposure to oestrogen.
  • Background Briefings

Bisphenol A or BPA

October 2016|Size: 1.39 MB |

Bisphenol A is used plastics production, resins and thermal ink. It is a known reproductive toxicant and oestrogen mimic. This brief discusses evidence that BPA may increases breast cancer risk.
  • Background Briefings

Biology of breast cancer

May 2016|Size: 1.85 MB |

Cancer is a complex disease involving many stages of development, often over long periods. This brief examines breast cancer biology and how this relates to breast cancer risk and prevention.
  • Background Briefings

In-utero Exposures

June 2015|Size: 1.92 MB |

In utero exposures occur in the womb. This brief discusses in utero exposures to EDCs and cancer-causing agents which may increase the risk of developing breast cancer later in life.
  • Background Briefings

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